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Situated at the foot of the Ossogovska Mountain,
Kyustendil (ancient Pautalia) is one of Bulgaria's best known
climatic and spa resorts
The climate is traditionally continental with Mediterranean influence.
The mild weather is largely due to the beneficial effect of the mountains
which surround the plain from the north, east and west. The average
annual temperature is 11C; and the average July temperature, 21.6C.
The annual duration of sunshine is 2,200 hours on the average , and
the relative air humidity, 68 per cent.
mineral waters of the numerous fountains (natural springs and wells)
have an almost uniform chemical composition, temperature and sulphide
content (71-73C; 9.4-11.3 mg oxidable sulphur compounds estimated in
terms of hydrogen sulphide). The waters are clear , colourless, with
a pleasant taste and a slight smell of hydrogen sulphide. They are mildly
mineralized, hyperthermal and contain sulphides, silicon (83 to 104
mg of metasilicic acid), fluorine (7.6-8.9 mg per litre) and sulphates
of sodium with a strong alkaline reaction (pH 9.13-9.80). The total
flow is about 2,400 l/min. Their curative and preventive properties
are mainly due to the sulphides , the high metasilicic acid content,
the high temperature, the hypotonic effect, the mild mineralization
and the relatively high fluorine content.
The curative properties of Kyustendil's mineral waters have been known
since ancient times. Another important curative agent, used for the
systematic treatment of a wide range of diseases, is the peat mined
near the village of Baikal which is reach in humic acids and organic
substances. It is used in peat baths, for general and partial applications,
vaginal and rectal electrophoresis, etc. The favourite climate, the
curative peat from Baikal, the mineral waters and the possibilities
of specific fruit-diet therapy attract many Bulgarian and foreign visitors